Drying laundry: you have to pay attention to this
Do you have no space for a washing machine and dryer? Then a washer dryer can help. The combination device makes laundry ready for closets at the push of a button – and current models are no longer that expensive. Stiftung Warentest tested washer dryers. The current top recommendation is the Bosch WDU 28540 for round 900 Euro. However, it is also cheaper. All recommendations and further information about the advantages and disadvantages of the washer dryer can be found here.
The test was carried out by Stiftung Warentest and in the edition 11 / 2019 released.
In addition to washing machines and dryers, Stiftung Warentest also regularly tests washer dryers. Because the devices can only be washed, dried or tumble dried in one pass, they have to prove themselves in all disciplines. In addition, handling, environmental properties and safety are also checked. In the meantime, the combi devices are quite cheap. You don't pay more than if you buy a washer and dryer separately.
The result: All five washer dryers in the test rated the testers with the quality rating “Good”, whereby the models from Bosch and Siemens are identical. In the individual ratings, the devices differ significantly in some cases, for example, the top model achieved a rating of 1.6 (good) for laundry drying, but the price tip only 3.0 (satisfactory). However, the experts did not find any real defects.
You can read that in our article: We present the recommendations from the test first in an overview and then in detail. Then we give you a price estimate and explain the test procedure of Stiftung Warentest. You will also learn more about washer dryers and what you should pay attention to when buying. Finally, we answer further open questions.
Washing machine test winner 2020: Bosch, Siemens, AEG, LG
These are the best washer dryers 2020 according to Stiftung Warentest
1st place: Bosch WDU 28540
- Great for washing and drying
- Very good workmanship and security t
- Stable temperatures
- Quite high consumption when drying
- Washing and drying time a bit long
- laundry does not dry completely evenly
The washer dryer Bosch WDU 28540 convinced the testers with its good qualities, they gave the overall grade 1.7 (good). The model Siemens WD 14 U 540 is identical in construction, but costs a little more.
- washing (1.7) & washer-drying / drying (1.6 )
According to the testers, the Bosch shows no significant weaknesses when washing. Rinsing the laundry could be a little more thorough and the washing program takes a little long. However, the cleanliness is excellent and the machine also reaches good temperatures of approximately 60 Degree. There are great results in washer-drying for closet-dry laundry and in pure drying. The duration of a wash-dry cycle with water cooling is five and a half hours – this is acceptable. The drying uniformity could be better.
- Handling (1.9) & endurance test (1.3) & protection against water damage (1.2)
The filling and operation of the Bosch washer dryer works very well, the remaining run indicator gives reliable information. In the endurance test, in which the longevity of the device is tested, the result is very good, as is the protection against water damage from possible defects. Overall, the Bosch is excellently processed and probably holds 10 years of operation through.
- Environmental properties washing (2.1) & washer-drying / drying (2.9)
The water and electricity consumption during the washing program is generally good, if not remarkably economical. With half the load in the 9 kg drum and colored laundry program, the Bosch takes 68 liters of water. Due to the water cooling, the device also consumes water in dryer mode, namely around 38 liters, and the power consumption is a little high. This is ok for the technical solution. In addition, the washer dryer is comparatively quiet during operation.
For the washer dryer Bosch WDU 28540 pay just under 900 Euros, that's a great price. The identical model Siemens WD 14 U 540 costs significantly more, namely around 1. 00 0 Euro , The experts calculate the running costs with around 810 euro over 10 years. This is more economical.
2nd place: AEG L9WE 86695
- Economical consumption with heat pump
- Reliable for washing and drying
- Solid workmanship and security
- Long-lasting washing dry -Program
- Quite loud operating noise
- drying less evenly
The AEG L9WE 86695 is the most expensive washer dryer in the current test and also slightly larger in size. This is due to the built-in heat pump. Overall, the device is “good” (grade: 2.2).
- washing (1.9) & washer-drying / drying (2.5)
With the washing functions, the AEG is even slightly better than the test winner, so spinning is more effective. Unfortunately, the washer dryer has more problems with the temperatures: 60 – The degree saving program heats up to a maximum 28 degrees on, that's poor. The laundry drying works well overall, but it takes much longer with the heat pump and the drying is less even. The AEG needs a full nine and a half hours for the full laundry drying program.
- Handling (2.2) & endurance test (2.5) & protection against water damage (1.7)
The handling is essentially good, the testers only noticed that the looseness of the laundry leaves something to be desired when it is removed, which probably also has to do with the dryer technology. In the endurance test, the AEG is not as convincing as the test winner. The processing is OK and there are no significant risks of water damage. Nevertheless, the experts rated the washer dryer in these areas slightly worse than the other devices in the test.
- Environmental properties washing (2.6) & washing drying / drying (2.1)
The AEG can show off its strengths when it comes to water and electricity consumption. In the washing program the water consumption is solid 54 liters in the 9 kg drum. And in contrast to the models with water cooling, the heat pump device consumes significantly less electricity and almost no water when drying. The running costs in operation are thus significantly lower. Only the operating noise is a bit high, especially the spin cycle is quite loud.
The price for the AEG L9WE 86695 is around 1. 500 euros, that's lush. As operating costs for 10 years, the experts calculated about 705 Euro. This is significantly lower than the models with water cooling, but does not compensate for the high purchase costs. The environmental factor remains.
3rd place: LG F 14 WD 96 EH1
- Cheap price
- Very good workmanship and security
- Acceptable for washing and drying
- Long-lasting washing-dry program
- High water and electricity consumption
- Quite loud operating noise
The LG F 14 WD 96 EH1 is a price tip. If you buy the washing machine and dryer separately, you won't get away as cheaply – unless you save on quality. The washer dryer has a rating of 2.2.
- washing (2.6) & washer-drying / drying (3.0)
Neither the washing machine nor the dryer can fully access the more expensive devices. The device always cleans and spins reliably, but does not reach the set values even in the normal program 60 degrees, but only slightly 51. In the economy program, the washer dryer does not come through 30 degrees. The washing drying works satisfactorily, but takes a long time despite the water cooling, because there are around 7 for the complete cycle: 20 hours needed. At least the laundry is then evenly dried. All in all, it is only “satisfactory”.
- Handling (2.4) & endurance test (1.0) & protection against water damage (1.3)
There is nothing wrong with the controls and the loading and unloading of the drum. The remaining run indicator is not quite as reliable. In general, however, the handling is good. The workmanship is excellent: In the endurance test, the AEG achieved the top rating in the test, the device should 10 Put the years of operation loose. And the protection against water damage also convinced the testers.
- Environmental properties washing (2.7) & washing drying / drying (3.5)
The AEG shines less when it comes to electricity and water consumption. 40 liters of water absorption in the 9 kg drum are still relatively little. For drying alone, the water cooling consumes around 37 liters, so almost as much, but still in Frame. However, if you start the laundry drying program, he will take full advantage of AEG: 155 liters of water and more power consumption than all other models in the test. In addition, the washer dryer is neatly loud during the main wash cycle.
The low cost of just under 700 Euro make the LG F 14 WD 96 EH1 attractive. The calculated operating costs of 845 Euros are a bit higher than the test winner, but are not really noticeable. However, overall performance and environmental properties are not at the top level.
How much do I have to spend on a good washer dryer?
Washer dryers are sometimes available from retailers at 500 Euro. However, there can be many weak points here: washing, drying, electricity and water consumption or, in general, processing. For a solid device you pay about 700 euros upwards, the price tip in the test of the foundation Product testing even costs a little less. From 900 Euro you can expect top quality and for this price the washer dryer still pays off well: You pay that much also if you buy the washer and dryer separately. Devices in the four-digit price range are usually only worthwhile if they use a heat pump for drying clothes instead of water cooling. This significantly reduces water and electricity consumption. So you have higher acquisition costs, but pay less in operation. In this area, good models can sometimes 1. 500 Cost Euro.
Washer dryer in the test: How does Stiftung Warentest evaluate it?
The washer dryer must exist equally well for washing and drying. In the Stiftung Warentest test, the washing 25 Percent of the grade. Household laundry of various types of soiling is washed in specified quantities using the selected programs. Then it is checked how well the laundry has been cleaned, rinsed and spun. Program duration and maximum temperatures play a role. The washing processes are repeated several times. The experts test washing drying in several runs with the programs 40 Degree colored laundry cupboard dry and ironing damp. In addition to cleanliness, the moisture content is measured here after completion. The testers judge the pure drying on the basis of the Cotton program, cabinet-dry and iron-damp. Here too, the residual moisture is decisive for the evaluation. Washing and drying together make more 15 Percentage of the overall judgment.
The endurance test simulates the use of the washer dryer using 10 years. For this, a total of 1. 840 – times washed and the experts assess whether errors occur. The handling is assessed on the basis of various details such as simple operation, convenient filling and emptying and the comprehensibility of the instructions for use. The tested environmental properties include electricity and water consumption as well as operating noise. In the case of washer dryers, the experts check the electricity and water consumption separately for washing and washer-drying. Last but not least, the safety precautions that ensure protection against water damage are assessed. Stiftung Warentest also calculates the operating costs for from the electricity and water price and the corresponding consumption of the machine. years, i.e. the average lifespan of the device.
How does a washer dryer work?
The washer-dryer combines washing and drying: as a washing machine, it draws power from the house's electricity, takes in fresh water via a connection and discharges waste water via a separate connection. The dirty laundry is put into a perforated drum, powder detergent is usually put in a slot, liquid detergent directly with the laundry. The washing process has several phases: the main wash cleans the textiles, the rinse removes washing liquor from the laundry and the spinning in the rotary drum drains it at the end.
There are two when drying Methods: As a rule, these are condensation dryers, which means that the warm, humid air in the drum is cooled and the moisture is removed from the laundry by evaporation. The cooling itself is done either by fresh water, which means that the machine uses almost as much water in the drying program as it does in washing. The water cooling is cheaper. Or the washer dryer has a heat pump. This uses no water and less electricity because it cools with room air when drying, but also requires more space. Washer dryers with heat pumps can usually be recognized by their higher price.
Advantages and disadvantages of the washer dryer
Do you have no place in the apartment to dry clothes or do not want to set up two machines, i.e. washing machine and dryer? Then a combination device is worthwhile. In addition to saving space, convenience is also a big advantage of the washer dryer: ideally, you only have to press start and get clean, dry laundry at the end. In general, you can get away with the washer dryer even more cheaply than if you bought the washing machine and dryer separately.
There are also disadvantages: If the laundry is to be dried in a single cabinet , you may only half fill the drum. It takes a long time to dry half the load, at least five and a half hours. The laundry is then ready for the closet right away, but you need several passes for a larger laundry mountain. However, you can run the washing machine and dryer in parallel. You have a little more work, but you finish faster.
What should I look for when buying a washer dryer?
The maximum filling quantity of the laundry drum is doubly important for washer dryers. On the one hand, as with the washing machine, you have to estimate the amount of laundry. Singles get by with a capacity of three kilograms, families need space for six kilograms of laundry and more. However, if you want to start the laundry drying or drying program, you can only half-fill the drum, otherwise the laundry will not dry in one go. Many washer-dryers are therefore already larger, the amount for washing colored clothes is often 9 kg, the amount for drying is 6 kg. But you can also find smaller machines with less or larger machines with more space in the drum.
- energy absorption
The EU energy label shows whether the washer dryer is one of the most economical models or whether it is an energy eater with unpleasant follow-up costs. The differences in power consumption are no longer serious, since the year 2013 only devices with at least the energy label may be sold in Germany Wear A +. However, you should consider machines with A ++ and A +++ labeling when purchasing new equipment.
- water consumption
In addition to the power consumption ensures especially the water consumption for the running costs of operating the washer dryer. 60 Liters of water in the washing program with the 9 kg drum are ok, less is of course to be welcomed. If the washer dryer has water cooling, it also uses water in the drying program – and not a little. Drying often takes up about half the amount of water compared to washing, but some machines even have a similarly high consumption in both programs. The environment and your wallet thank you for the most economical washer dryer. The technical alternative is a device with a heat pump, here no water is used when drying clothes, but the room air is used for cooling. These washer dryers are more expensive to buy, but cheaper to operate.
- program time
Washing and drying takes time and this adds up: If the washing program is not particularly quick and the drying program takes time, you have to wait a long time for your closet-ready laundry and cannot start a second load during this time. Technology also plays a role: Washer-dryers with a heat pump take longer to dry the laundry. A complete wash-dry cycle takes a minimum of five hours, but it can also be almost ten hours. The more economical the device is in terms of electricity and water consumption, the longer it usually takes to dry the laundry. So you have to decide what is more important to you.
If you want a particularly quiet washer dryer, which can be particularly useful in apartment buildings , should have a guideline when spinning approximately 70 Pay attention to decibels (db). It's about as loud as standing a meter away from a vacuum cleaner. There are also devices with night programs. Here the machine washes with less noise, but longer.
- General washing machine functions
In addition to the program selection according to temperature and textile type (cook -, colored, delicates or wool and easy-care) include a water protection system or a water safety device (Aquastop), a short program, a pause and an Eco button for the mandatory program of a good washing machine, should therefore also be available in the washer dryer. There are also extras such as time preselection, remaining run display, load sensor or even an automatic dosing. You don't have quite as much choice as for the pure washing machines among the washer dryer models.
Alternative: washing machine and dryer as two devices
Those who have enough parking space do not have to limit themselves to a washer dryer. Two devices for washing and drying certainly have advantages in terms of flexibility and speed – especially for families with large amounts of laundry. There are recommendations for the respective devices in our corresponding articles. In the washing machine purchase advice you can currently find the top recommendation as Miele WDB 330 WPS SpeedCare for and 900 You get a generally good model for under 500 Euro. In our tumble dryer buying advice you can look for the suitable addition, the top recommendation here is AEG T9DE 77685 for round 900 Euro. But you can also get a good dryer for under 500 Euro.
At what temperature are bacteria and spores removed?
Bacteria in the laundry can be removed quite easily. For this, a temperature of 30 Degree. Only the short program is not recommended, because the laundry has to float in the detergent solution long enough for pests to be combated effectively. However, higher temperatures are recommended for the removal of fungal spores, because they are more resistant than bacteria and can trigger infections. Dirk Bockmühl, professor of hygiene and microbiology at the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences in Kleven, told Stiftung Warentest that he recommends that “for hygienically critical laundry the 60 – Use the normal degree program with a detergent containing bleach ”.
The most important questions about washer dryers at a glance
Which one Washer dryer is the best?
Best washer dryer in the current one Test is the Bosch WDU 28540 for round 900 Euro. The Siemens WD 14 U 540 is identical in construction, but costs more. A cheap price tip is the LG F 14 WD 96 EH1 for under 700 Euro. You have to pay significantly more for a washer dryer with an economical heat pump.
Can you just wash with the washer dryer?
The washer dryer is both a washing machine and a dryer. Therefore, you can of course take out the laundry after the washing program or put wet laundry in the drum and only use the dryer. The wash-dry program, on the other hand, does everything together.
What is a washer dryer?
The washer dryer connects the washer and dryer, so the dirty laundry is cleaned first and then immediately Dried ready for the closet – in the best case just press the button. The washer dryer costs about as much as the washer and dryer together.
How does a heat pump dryer work?
In the condensation dryer w Water is removed from the laundry by evaporation. The heat exchange required for this is done either by water cooling, for which fresh water is used, or by the heat pump. This dries economically only with air, but it takes longer to dry.
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