SLR camera test 2020: The best models up to 1,500 euros

Take photos like a professional

| by

Kamera kaufen: Kompaktkamera, Bridge, DSLR oder DSLM?

For amateur photographers, smaller cameras and cell phones quickly reach their limits. If you have the aspiration to take more than just snapshots, it makes sense to purchase a single-lens reflex camera (DSLR) or a mirrorless system camera (DSLM). As a rule, these not only offer a much better image quality, but also offer better opportunities to let your creativity run free: more manual settings, interchangeable lenses and RAW photos that can be polished up nicely in post-processing. In the test, the Fujifilm X-T3 convinced for almost 1. 500 Euro with an impressive picture quality and a fast auto focus as well as strong video features. But it is also cheaper. We have about 73 SLR cameras tested in our test laboratory, and the results are shown in an overview.

These are the best DSLRs & DSLMs in the test

For our extensive buying advice, we looked at the top models of the past few years. In the article we present you six cameras – the best DSLRs and DSLMs up to sensor size APS-C for under 1500 euros – different manufacturers before, for which we can make a buy recommendation. Our selection and evaluation is based on the test results of our test center and our editorial staff's own assessment.

We will then explain our test procedure and how much you should spend on a good camera. We also explain the difference between DSLR and DSLM, which cameras are suitable for beginners and what accessories you need. Last but not least, we clarify the most important questions about SLR cameras and system cameras.

The best DSLRs and DSLMs

test winner Price tip all-round camera Outdoor camera Megapixel King


Fujifilm X-T3

Panasonic Lumix DMC GX – 80

Panasonic Lumix DC-G9

Nikon D 7500

Canon EOS 90 D

Price approx.

2. 000 Euro

430 Euro

1.200 Euro

1.700 Euro

1.249 Euro

Overall Rating

1.2 (very good)

1.7 (good)

1.2 (very good)

1.5 (very good)

1.6 (good)

Picture quality

1.1 (very good)

1.6 (good)

1.4 (very good)

1.8 (good)

2.0 (good)

Equipment / Handling

1, 3 (very good)

2.1 (good)

1.2 (se hr good)

1.3 (very good)

1.3 (very good)


1.3 (very good)

1.5 (very good)

1.0 (very good)

1.2 ( very good)

1.5 (very good)

video quality

1 , 2 (very good)

1.1 (very good)

1.0 (very good)

1.7 (good)

1.6 (good)

Most Popular Shop

Watch on Amazon Watch on Amazon Watch on Amazon Watch on Amazon Watch on Amazon

Price comparison

Compare prices now

Prices compare now

Compare prices now

Compare prices now

Compare prices now

Fujifilm X-T3: the best system camera (DSLM)

1. Fujifilm X-T3

  • X-T3 Body schwarz

    Source: Image: Amazon

    Fujifilm X-T3

    Strong DSLM with APS-C sensor that convinces in almost all points.

Top picture quality
Strong low-light performance
Rapid auto focus
High price
No image stabilizer
Crop for continuous shooting and 4K video

is the frontrunner in mirrorless system cameras the Fujifilm X-T3. It can not only in terms of image quality and with proud 26 Megapixels convince, but also with their impressive speed: thanks to rapid auto focus and up to 30 Frames per second are particularly suitable for the X-T3, but not only for sports and action shots.

Thanks to the relatively large APS-C sensor, pictures can also be taken in poor lighting conditions. While noise quickly occurs in low-cost cameras and the image appears blurry and grainy, the X-T3 succeeds even with ISO values ​​of 12. 800 still detailed pictures. In addition, there are countless lenses for Fuji's X bayonet – from the bright portrait lens to the travel zoom. There are also extensive video features:

  • 4K with 60 frames per second – Full HD with 120 frames per second
  • Microphone input
  • connection for headphones
  • HDMI output

All of this makes the X-T3 a film camera of almost professional level. There will be a few points deduction. On the one hand, there is no image stabilizer – it is only available in the lens if it supports stabilization. An image stabilizer is indispensable, especially when filming or taking photos from your hand. The X-T3 also supports 4K video and fast continuous shooting, but only with crop. This effectively extends the focal length – the image is cropped at the edge.

Also the relatively high price of 1500 Euro – without lens – May deter beginners. All others get a camera with the X-T3 that can convince in all situations.

Fujifilm X-T3 im Review

Click here for the detailed review of the Fujifilm X-T3

Panasonic Lumix DC-G9: the all-round camera

2. Panasonic Lumix DC-G9

  • Lumix DC-G9 Gehäuse Systemkamera

    Source: Offered by

    2. Panasonic Lumix DC-G9

    First-class picture quality, extreme speed and a high-quality housing make the DC-G9 a solid all-rounder.

Strong picture quality
Extensive video features
Second es card compartment
“Only” MFT sensor
Relatively high image noise from ISO 6. 400
Quite unwieldy

If you want to forego costs but not image quality, you will find a top DSLM in the Panasonic Lumix DC-G9. For the price of around 1. 100 Euro photographers get an MFT camera with very extensive features here.

The sensor of the G9 is “only” in Micro Four Thirds format, a little bit smaller than APS -C but stabilized. This is particularly pleasing to videographers – and they definitely don't miss out on the G9. 4K at 60 Frames per second, headphone and micro connection are also included.

In addition, the Panasonic Lumix DC-G9 has two SD card slots. That doesn't sound particularly spectacular at first, but it's a must, especially in professional photography. On the one hand, a second SD card can be used as a reserve if the first is full, and on the other – and much more sensible – as a copy. Because nothing is more annoying than lost souvenir photos.

The Panasonic Lumix DC-G9 only shows real weaknesses in picture noise. Here are already at ISO 6. 400 to detect interference pixels. So if you have a slightly smaller budget and don't place too much emphasis on a compact design, the Panasonic Lumix DC-G9 is ideal for you.

Panasonic Lumix G9 im Review

Click here for the detailed review of the Panasonic Lumix DC-G9

Sony Alpha 6400: The fly weight for on the go

3. Sony Alpha 6400

  • Alpha 6400 Kit mit SELP16-50 mm F3,5 - 5,6 OSS schwarz

    Source: offer

    3. Sony Alpha 6400

    Compact APS-C camera with extensive film and photo features.

Large image sensor (APS-C)
Lightweight construction
Large selection of lenses
No image stabilizer
No Headphone jack
Confusing menu navigation

Sony is one of the leading manufacturers of mirrorless system cameras in the photo community. Therefore, the Sony Alpha 6400 in no way missing from our purchase advice. Sony manages to install a relatively large APS-C sensor in a compact housing for its mirrorless: Because with just a good 400 Grams, the Alpha is a real flyweight and the ideal camera for on the go.

There is also a very large selection of lenses for the Sony e-bayonet to focus on each conceivable photo situation to be prepared. Lenses should have the designation OSS. Optical Steady Shot indicates that the lens has image stabilization – it is not built into the Alpha sensor. Thanks to um 180 Degree swiveling displays also come selfie fans or video Bloggers get their money's worth. As is typical for Sony, the menu is extensive, but confusing. Especially beginners will quickly be overwhelmed.

For scarce 900 Euro – only housing – photographers get a practical and compact all-rounder who, once you have fought your way through the huge range of functions, can also compete with larger models.

Sony Alpha 6400 im Review

Click here for the detailed test report from Panasonic Sony Alpha 6400

Nikon D 7500 : DSLR camera for outdoor photographers

4. Nikon D 7500

  • D7500 Kit mit AF-S DX 16-80mm f/2,8-4,0E ED VR

    Source: Offer from

    4. Nikon D 7500

    Strong picture quality, lush equipment and brisk work pace hardly leave room for criticism of the D 7500.

Very good picture quality
Huge selection of lenses
Robust construction
Quite unwieldy compared to DSLMs
Slow autofocus in live view
No optical stabilizer

In contrast to the cameras presented so far, the Nikon D 7500 around a DSLR – a good old SLR camera. In contrast to the newer mirrorless system cameras, it has also installed a mirror box and an optical viewfinder – more on the difference between DSLR and DSLM can be found below.

As something more robust and usually larger reflex is the D 7500 especially for outdoor and nature photographers. But the camera can also convince in other areas. Thanks to low noise, a minimum shutter speed of 1/8. 000 Second and very fast autofocus, it is also ideal for sports and action shots.

In size, handling and image quality it is similar to the Panasonic Lumix DC-G9 bis on the mirror box very much. Although the D 7500 also shoot 4K videos, but DSLR-typical, a stabilized sensor is missing. A clear advantage of the Nikon D 7500 is her F bayonet. The manufacturer has been relying on this for several decades, which is why countless lenses from different manufacturers for the D 7500 are available. From analog lenses with vintage charm to modern and stabilized zoom optics – there should be something for everyone.

So if the size of the camera doesn't bother you too much and If you don't necessarily need a mirrorless system camera, you can go for the Nikon D 7500 to grab. Because with just barely 800 Euro, it is slightly cheaper than DSLMs with similar image quality and features.

Nikon D7500 im Review

Here is the detailed test report of Nikon D 7500

Canon EOS 90 D: The Megapixel King

5. Canon EOS 90 D

  • EOS 90D + EF-S 18-55mm f/3,5-5,6 IS STM

    Source: Offer from

    5 . Canon EOS 90 D

    Strength 32 Megapixels, rapid serial image speed and convincing image quality: The EOS 90 D is an all-round DSLR

Violent dissolution of 32 Megapixels
Robust construction
Tilt and swivel display
Relative expensive
In comparison to DSLMs unwieldy
Not splashproof

Also from the DSLR warehouse comes the quite new Canon EOS 90 D. That is with a good 1. 000 Euro a little more expensive, but it has to be said 32 Megapixels the best resolution in our buying guide. Even if that sounds like a lot – and definitely is – you shouldn't be blinded by it. Because for normal use usually up to 24 Megapixels loose. However, if you want to print your pictures large or cut them generously in postprocessing, the Canon is ideal for you.

It is also suitable for action and sports photographers with a serial image speed of 10 Images per second interesting. Apart from resolution and burst speed, the 90 D however roughly in the same league as the Nikon 7500, which however approximately 200 Euros is cheaper. So if you are not necessarily dependent on a very high resolution, you should go for the cheaper Nikon.

The Canon EOS 90 D convinced especially with strong 32 megapixels. Source: Canon

Panasonic Lumix DMC GX – 80: The price tip

6. Panasonic Lumix DMC GX – 80

  • Lumix DMC-GX80 mit AF 14-42mm

    Source: offer

    6. Panasonic Lumix DMC GX – 80

    First-class image quality, fast auto focus and a built-in stabilizer make the GX – 80 the ideal camera for on the go.

Price Tip
Compact size
Many beginner-friendly programs
Relatively small MFT sensor
No micro and headphone jacks
Weak battery performance

Who but looks a little more at the money or is completely new to the world of photography, the Panasonic Lumix DMC GX – 80 have a look – it leaves all other models far behind in terms of price-performance. For under 450 Euros, photographers get a compact DSLM here, which by no means has to hide behind the other models of our buying advice. First-class image quality, fast auto focus and a built-in stabilizer make the GX – 80 to the ideal camera for on the go.

But of course, with such a price you have to do without a few gimmicks: So has the Panasonic has no connections for microphone and headphones, and the battery power drops with just once 500 Triggers per charge a little weak. For this she offers 57 creative modes, for example miniature effect or sepia, and 25 different scene programs, which before fun for beginners. The Panasonic Lumix DMC GX – 80 is therefore most suitable for beginners who want to take the occasional nice souvenir snapshot.

Panasonic Lumix GX80 - Review

Here is the au Leading test report of the Panasonic Lumix DMC GX – 80

Nikon Z6: full-frame camera at a professional level

7. Nikon Z6

  • Z6 mit FTZ Adapter

    Source: offer

    6. Nikon Z6

    The Z6 is a full-frame DSLM at professional level, which hardly fails in the test.

Full-frame sensor with outstanding image quality
Video features at professional level
Top price-performance
Unusual card format XQD
No second card slot
Without adapter only few lenses

Even if the Nikon Z6 is not an APS-C, but a full frame -DSLM is (and therefore outside of our test grid), we don't want to leave it unmentioned here. Because if you couldn't do much with the models mentioned above, or if image quality is even more important to you, you won't be able to avoid a full-frame camera. The larger sensor is clearly noticeable in comparison to APS-C cameras:

  • Better image quality
  • Low-noise low-light images
  • Larger wide-angle range
  • Greater background blur – also called bokeh

Features like these make full-frame cameras the first choice for professional photographers. And this is exactly where the Z6 comes in. For whom the automatic mode is nothing more than a gimmick and who wants complete control over all setting options, Nikon's full-frame DSLM is definitely something for them. In addition, the Nikon has recently dropped in price so much that it is now around 1. 500 Euro has also become attractive for ambitious amateur photographers. 4K video, 10 – Bit via HDMI, the strong image stabilizer and Connections for headphones and microphone also make them more than fit for moving images in the professional sector.

Although the Nikon does not have a classic F-, but the new Z-bayonet, in which the Lens selection is still quite manageable, but the manufacturer provides an adapter for it. Even the exotic XQD card format – instead of the usual SD – could deter buyers. Otherwise, the Z6 is a full-frame DSLM at professional level, which is almost unrivaled for the current price.

Nikon Z6 und Z7 im Praxistest

Here is the detailed review of the Nikon Z6

Why you can trust our test

Our purchase advice is based on our editorial assessment, personal experience in photography and of course on our test procedure.

The latter is divided into the following sections:

  • Picture quality 45%
  • Furnishing 40%
  • speed 15%

When testing digital cameras, the Picture quality the most weight. These include resolution, image noise and dynamic range, i.e. how well the camera can display light and dark areas at the same time. We generally take test shots at different ISO values ​​- in the case of cameras with a lens even at maximum telephoto and wide-angle settings.

Das CHIP-Testcenter: Über 1.000 Tests pro Jahr - kompetent und unabhägig

In second place is the Furnishing of the respective camera. Overall, we measure almost per camera 200 characteristics and evaluate their quality. These include the lens, display and viewfinder, but of course the video functions due to the increasing demand for moving images. Added to this is how compact a camera is and its battery performance.

Finally, let's take a look at the speed on a camera – we pay attention especially on delay times. How long does it take from pressing the shutter button to the captured image? How fast does the picture focus? How many pictures per second can the camera take and how long?

In our buying guide you will not only find the best cameras – you can take a look at our Best list . Instead, we present models that either stand out from their price category due to a special feature, have particularly good value for money, or for which we can make a recommendation based on our experience.

How much do I have to spend on a DSLM or DSLR?

In fact – especially as a beginner – you don't have to spend too much money on a solid DSLR or DSLM. In other words: there is the right camera for almost every budget, of course all with certain advantages, but unfortunately also disadvantages. In principle, every camera works the same – in principle, there are significant differences that come at a cost only in terms of workmanship, image quality, autofocus, serial image and features.

  • The bloody beginner

    For whom photography is new territory, from around 300 Euro the ideal entry-level camera. Since most accessories and lenses are manufacturer-specific, you should carefully consider which one you choose. Once you have enjoyed photography and bought several lenses, flashes and batteries, changing the system can be very expensive. So it's best to take the cameras of the different manufacturers in your hand and think about which one is the best for you. Our tip: Older models in particular are usually cheap. If you get a model that already has a successor, you can often save several hundred euros.

Gute Kameras für Einsteiger - Unsere Empfehlungen

  • The ambitious amateur photographer

    Anyone who is no longer a newcomer to photography can find between and 1. 500 Euro the right one Model. The price gap is getting a bit wider here, so you should take a closer look at what you are going to do with your camera. If you photograph a lot of sport and action, you need a fast serial picture and a brisk auto focus. However, if you want to take portraits in daylight, not necessarily. It depends more on the image quality of the camera and a good lens. If you travel a lot and also want to take pictures in dim light, you should make sure that there is little noise even at high ISO values. What you should definitely consider when buying: Especially in this price segment you don't get an egg-laying wool milk sow – you should therefore accept certain drawbacks.
  • The full professional

    If you have been photographing for many years and would like to get the first professional camera, you will find it from 1 . 500 Euro the right device. There is virtually no upper limit in the professional segment. For high-end, five-digit prices are often due. But if you want a professional tool, you should definitely buy a full-frame camera – for example the Nikon Z6 mentioned above. Due to the much larger sensor, images not only benefit from better image quality, but also from greater background blur, but also better noise behavior. Most cameras in the price league are also made more robust, which makes them real tools. You can find out how well cameras from different price segments perform in special areas in our Leaderboard .

Smava: Top Free Online Loans Comparison (Ad)

The difference between DSLR and DSLM

Practically – and above all simply explained – DSLRs and DSLMs differ only in that SLR cameras (DSLR) have an optical viewfinder and mirrorless (DSLM) a digital one.

But there is more to it – technically speaking, the difference is even clearer: With SLR cameras, the motif is redirected via a small mirror in the camera housing and into the Steered viewfinder. As a result, photographers who see through the viewfinder see a “real” picture. The motif is not redirected for mirrorless ones. Instead, the light continuously falls on the sensor, which transfers the image to a small display in the viewfinder. This has advantages, but also disadvantages.

  • Advantages of DSLMs

    The most striking advantage of a mirrorless camera is its compact design. Because no mirror box is necessary in the housing, mirrorless ones are usually a bit smaller. In addition, the digital viewfinder – also EVF for “Electronic Viewfinder” – can show what the finished image will look like before it is triggered. Most EVFs can also show additional information about exposure, focus method, white balance, etc. In addition, much more can be seen on a digital viewfinder in a dark environment than on an optical one.
  • Advantages of DSLRs

    The question arises, why then an optical viewfinder at all? First and foremost, it's a matter of getting used to. Many and especially long-time photographers swear by an optical viewfinder because they don't want to look at a display. However, EVFs have become better and better in recent years and problems such as poor resolution or a jerky picture are now history.

    The fact that DSLRs have a better autofocus is now only partially true – in other words: DSLMs are always better and can definitely keep up with DSLRs today. However, DSLRs are more robust – on the one hand because of their more massive construction, and on the other hand because the sensor is always protected by the mirror. For example, less dirt gets onto the sensor when changing the lens. This can quickly become annoying, since dirt is noticeable through dark spots on the picture when taking pictures with the shutter closed – at the latest the sensor must be cleaned, which is usually at least 50 Euro costs.

What to look for when buying?

If you want to buy a new camera, you should first ask yourself what you need it for – and above all how high the respective budget is. As already mentioned – apart from the professional segment, all cameras come with advantages and disadvantages.

So you should think carefully about what you want to do with your camera. If you need a compact housing, speed is the most important thing. Or do you just rely on image quality? Once you have decided that, you should definitely look at the respective models from different manufacturers. These differ immensely, especially in terms of handling and key assignment. Taking pictures is definitely not fun if you simply cannot handle your device. Therefore: In any case, take it in your hand before buying! Is the camera comfortable in your hand? Can I reach all of the dials and knobs? Does the camera have a viewfinder or just a display? Is the display swiveling?

What you should definitely put little or no value on is the resolution. Large manufacturers like to boast with values ​​such as 32 megapixels. Don't let that fool you. For a print in 10 x 15 cm, for example, you only need 2 megapixels. 24 Megapixels are sufficient for lossless printing of approximately 33 x 50 cm – that should be big enough, right? Another disadvantage of high resolution is that the pixel density is too low. If too many pixels have to be accommodated on a sensor that is too small – such as a 1-inch one – the image quality will visibly suffer. Less detail and more noise are usually the result.

If there is a lens with the camera, don't let the large zoom blind you either. Zoom lenses like a 18 – 105 mm f / 3.5-5.6 cover a large area, but are not particularly bright. An extensive zoom lens is practical if you don't want to carry too much equipment with you, but it will reach its limits in the early evening hours at the latest.

  • The light intensity of a lens can be recognized by the number of f-stops, by the way Example f / 3.5. Smaller numbers, such as f / 1.8, are better here – on the one hand because they get more light onto the sensor and thus produce low-noise photos, and on the other hand because a large aperture means more background blur.

When is a cell phone enough?

The best camera is the one you have with you – isn't my cell phone enough that I always wear it anyway? Oh well, cell phone cameras are actually getting better, but still can't get DSLRs and DSLMs when it comes to image quality. But cell phones actually have advantages.

  • In contrast to real cameras, cell phones are tiny and you can always take them with you – ideal for on the go
  • You are always connected to the Internet. Ideal for quickly sharing photos and videos with friends

Although “real” cameras are not quite as handy, they do have in many points ahead.

  • You usually have one clearly better image quality
  • Many mobile phones have only one automatic mode – DSLRs and DSLMs offer many manual modes and much more creative design options
  • With the right lens, cameras have a larger focal length range – i.e. significantly more zoom.

When asked cell phone vs. The camera simply depends on your own requirements. The cell phone may be enough for the occasional selfie or souvenir photo, but if you value quality, you can't avoid a real camera. DSLRs and DSLMs are still ahead. In addition, many camera models can be connected to the cell phone – this way, the photos can also be shared on social media. We have the best cell phone cameras for you in our large cell phone camera test listed. If you do not take photos so often and are looking for a cheap compromise, a compact camera can also be the right one for you – here you will find our large compact camera purchase .

Huawei P30 Pro Vergleichstest mit Profikamera

Which camera for beginners?

Especially as a beginner you naturally ask yourself which camera should be the first. Even if it is of course difficult to answer this question generally, the same things are usually important for beginners.

So the first camera not too expensive . Because you still don't know how long you can enjoy your new hobby. There is also a clear and simple operation important. In addition, intelligent automatic modes / scene detection and editing options in the camera always useful. Cheap cameras often have all of these features because manufacturers want to use them to target newcomers to photography.

Our top recommendation here is the Panasonic Lumix DMC GX- 80 . The combination of low price, strong automation, creative modes and easy handling makes it the ideal entry-level model. But other manufacturers are also launching strong entry-level models.

In addition to the criteria mentioned above, a lens should also be included in the scope of delivery. These kit lenses usually cover a wide range of focal lengths from wide-angle to telephoto – at the expense of image quality. Nevertheless, such lenses are ideal for beginners, who mostly have not yet committed themselves to a specific area in photography. A fast prime lens, such as a 50 mm f / 1.8 you can still get yourself later.

Which camera for professional photos?

Sure, every photographer – especially beginners – dreams of professional photos. But here you should not assume that a better – and therefore a more expensive – camera makes a huge difference. Strong images are created in good light, creative ideas and by mastering the technical aspects and settings of the camera – no matter which camera you use. A professional photographer with years of experience will definitely be able to conjure up more impressive pictures with a smartphone than a beginner with high-end equipment.

So before you look at a full-frame SLR in the middle four-digit price range, you should consider carefully whether you really need it. However, if you already have this experience and are already maxing out your old snaps, you can get the first professional camera.

Once you get started with the high-end devices of the Has explored photography, you always stumble across a term: full frame . This means the sensor size of the camera. For comparison, a 1-inch sensor as used in many compact cameras has approximately the dimensions 13 x9mm. However, a full-frame sensor comes to approximately 36 x 24 mm – speak more than seven times the size.

For professional photographers: The Nikon Z6 Source: Nikon

But what does that have to do with image quality? Simply put: the larger the sensor, the more space the individual pixels have and therefore they get enough light, i.e. the camera takes more detailed pictures.

But not only the sensor is better with full frame cameras. As a rule, you benefit from a brighter and more precise autofocus, a faster series image and overall better equipment.

And that costs. New full-format DSLRs and DSLMs start from around 2. 000 Euro – without lens. There is no limit to the price. They are therefore completely unsuitable for beginners. Such a camera requires that you already have some high quality lenses. Because a professional camera is of no use if there is poorly processed glass in front of it.

Our price tip for everyone who is still looking for a – quite cheap – full-frame Want to buy camera is the Nikon Z6 . The still relatively new mirrorless professional camera for just under 1. 500 Euro offers everything that makes the professional heart beat faster.

However, there is criticism: On the one hand, Nikon installs a new bayonet here, for which the lens selection is still very manageable. To use Nikon F lenses, photographers need an adapter. Nikon does deliver this in some sets, but it makes the lens a good two centimeters longer – compact is different. Nikon also uses card slots for the XQD card format in the Z series. And unfortunately these cards are quite expensive.

What equipment do I need for DLSR & DSLM?

Anyone who buys a DSLR or DSLM should definitely think about the necessary equipment and the associated costs. Lenses, flash units, removable batteries, memory cards, bags, lens filters, tripods, gimbals, microphones – the possibilities are almost limitless. Even if a beginner does not need the entire range right away, three things are particularly important.

  • The right lens

    One of the biggest advantages of SLR and mirrorless system cameras is the possibility to use different optics. Kit lenses, such as those offered in many camera models, are often the first choice. As a rule, these are zoom lenses that cover a wide range of focal lengths. They are ideal for beginners and as a travel setup, as they allow a variety of motifs to be photographed wonderfully.

    However, this also has its disadvantages – especially when it comes to image quality. With such lenses, the sharpness sometimes drops sharply towards the edge, they do not have too large an open aperture and the images have vignetting. This is not a problem at the beginning, but if you want to deal with photography for a longer time, you will notice that there is no lens with which everything can be photographed beautifully. We need a new look. Here we recommend a cheap 50 mm f / 1.8 . This is offered by almost all manufacturers and is often the cheapest fast prime lens. With this so-called normal focal length, you logically forego the zoom, but you get low-noise images in dark surroundings and a nice blur in the background.
  • Sufficient memory cards

    Experience has shown that you can never have enough of them. Most cameras use SD cards for this, but there are exceptions. Therefore, you should always find out in advance which camera saves which card format. Other more or less common storage media are Micro-SD, Compact Flash and XQD.

    You shouldn't be impressed by the size, but rather pay attention to the speed. For long continuous shooting in RAW format and high-resolution video, fast cards are definitely needed.

    We recommend the so-called U3 standard, with a minimum write speed of 30 Megabytes per second. It can also be used to save 4K videos. Even if 256 GB first sound like a lot – and also are – is of such cards in generally advised against. For one, most hobby photographers are never more than 64 GB required. A small calculation example: when taking RAW photos à 30 MB fit more than 2. 000 pictures on a 64 GB large SD. For JPEGs of 7 MB, this is just about 10. 000 pictures. As long as you don't shoot in the continuous series picture, this should also be enough for a holiday of several weeks.

    The second reason for smaller memory cards goes back to the fact that especially SDs like to fail. This means that data can be lost due to incorrect handling or simply due to their fragile design. It is advisable to bet on several small cards, as this minimizes the risk.
  • Enough replacement batteries

    You shouldn't do without multiple batteries either. There are two things that matter: how much you take pictures and how long the battery lasts. You can find information on how many triggers the battery of a camera can handle before it runs out of steam in our detailed test reports.

    Usually two batteries are sufficient at the beginning. So you can always load one while the other is used in the camera. We do not recommend cheaper replicas or no-name batteries, since they cannot keep up with the originals of the manufacturers.

SD-Karte und microSD-Karte kaufen: So finden Sie die richtige

Camera accessories at a bargain price: the best deals for photo fans


  • Resolution – the effective number of pixels on a sensor, e.g. 4. 000 x 6. 000 Pixel = 24 Megapixels
  • ISO – the light sensitivity of a sensor, large numbers mean brighter images, but also more image noise, also called grain
  • APS-C – designation for sensor sizes of 24 x 16 millimeters. Compared to full format, the effective focal length of lenses is extended by a factor of around 1.5
  • Micro Four Thirds – Name for sensor sizes slightly smaller than APS-C. Effective double focal length extension compared to full frame
  • Bayonet – connection for the lens
  • focal length – gives the optical magnification augmentation of a lens on or how much a lens “zooms”. 50 millimeters are considered normal range, underneath there is wide angle, above that tele
  • Noise Quality Loss of recording due to a high ISO, for example. Images appear less detailed and colors are not reproduced lifelike
  • full frame – designation for sensor sizes with 24 x 36 millimeters. Focal lengths of lenses are usually given in relation to their image on full-frame sensors
  • dynamic range – Maximum difference in brightness that a camera records can. If the dynamic range is too small, bright areas are overexposed or dark areas are underexposed
  • telephoto lens – Lenses with a focal length longer than 60 millimeter (in full format) is
  • Wide-angle lens – Lenses with a focal length that is shorter than 40 millimeter (in full frame) is
  • EVF – “Electronic Viewfinder”, too German digital viewfinder, in which the camera does not steer the image through a viewfinder, but shows it on a small display

The most important questions about DSLMs & DSLRs at a glance

How expensive is a good SLR camera?

In fact you have to – especially as Beginners – don't spend too much money on a solid DSLR or DSLM. In other words: there is the right camera for almost every budget, of course all with certain advantages, but unfortunately also disadvantages – even under 1. 000 Euro. In principle, every camera works the same – there are only significant differences that come in the money when it comes to processing, image quality, autofocus, serial image and features.

What is the difference between DSLR and DSLM?

Practical – and before explained simply – DSLRs and DSLMs differ only in the fact that SLR (DSLR) have an optical viewfinder and mirrorless (DSLM) have a digital one.

But there is more behind it – technically, the Unters chied even clearer: With SLR cameras, the subject is redirected via a small mirror in the camera housing and directed into the viewfinder. As a result, photographers who see through the viewfinder see a “real” picture. The motif is not redirected for mirrorless ones. Instead, the light falls continuously on the sensor, which transfers the image to a small display in the viewfinder.

Which SLR camera for beginners?

Our top recommendation here is the Panasonic Lumix DMC GX – 80 . The combination of low price, strong automation, creative modes and easy handling makes it the ideal entry-level model. But other manufacturers are also launching strong entry-level models.

Which camera for professional photos?

Our price tip for everyone who still wants to buy a – quite cheap – full frame camera is the Nikon Z6 . The still relatively new mirrorless professional camera for just barely 1500 Euro offers everything that makes the professional heart beat faster.

DSLR and DSLM to APSC in the test

Fujifilm X-T3 Offer from BestCheck

  • Image quality (1.1)
  • Equipment / handling (1,3)
  • Speed ​​(1.3)
  • Video quality (1.2)

Panasonic Lumix DC-G9 Offer from BestCheck

  • Image quality (1.4)
  • Equipment / handling (1,2)
  • Speed ​​(1,0)
  • Video quality (1.0)

Fujifilm X-H1 Offer from BestCheck

  • Image quality (1.0)
  • Equipment / handling (1,3)
  • Speed ​​(1.7)
  • Video quality (1.2)


currently not available

Price estimation

Inexpensive (2,3)

Sony Alpha 6600 Offer from BestCheck

  • Image quality (1.1)
  • Equipment / handling (1,2)
  • Speed ​​(1.6)
  • Video quality (1.4)

Panasonic Lumix DC-GH5S Offer from BestCheck

  • Image quality (1.6)
  • Equipment / handling (1,1)
  • Speed ​​(1.3)
  • Video quality (1.0)

To the complete leaderboard

David Burger

David Burger

As a video editor, David Burger loves to tell exciting stories in moving pictures. Whether in front of or behind the camera, everything revolves around video production. His second passion is photography and everything that has to do with it.