Bed linen tested: winner of ÖKO-TEST

Bed linen from IKEA, Kaufhof and H&M in the test

26. 02. 2020, 10: 30 | by

Content based on the test results from ÖKO-TEST

Buy bed linen: You should definitely pay attention to this

Fluffy, soft bed linen equals quality of life: after a hard day, you love to fall into bed as soon as possible and it is best not to get out of bed at the weekend.

ÖKO-TEST has 24 Bed linen tested by all major retailers: Whether IKEA, H&M, Kaufhof or Primark – they all had to show in the bed linen test that they were free of harmful ingredients. Most products actually do not contain any pollutants – around eight bedclothes are top recommendations, and the price is just around 35 Euro and 70 Euro. However, there are some black sheep. The test was carried out by ÖKO-TEST and in the issue 10 / 2018 first published.

You can read that in the article: We provide you three bedclothes with the rating “very good”. We then explain the test procedure and answer basic questions about bed linen.

This is the best bedding in the test

Colorful bedding delights the design heart, but can also bring questionable dyes into the bedroom. This is particularly problematic since consumers have direct skin contact with the bedding when sleeping for several hours. ÖKO-TEST has a total of 24 Bedding sets examined with a satisfactory result: 19 Products are either “good” or “very good” and definitely recommended. But not all products were convincing: A set was so bad that the manufacturer has since taken it out of sale.

The result: test winner are eight bedding sets, three of which are organic. Two products, on the other hand, only received a “poor” rating. We show you the test winners that are still available online in our table. You can read all test results and the complete ranking in the complete ÖKO-TEST article, which you can also call Single item (2, 50 Euro).

Bedding in the test: The best bedclothes at ÖKO-TEST

1. Biberna Mix & Match Mako-Cotton-Satin (top recommendation | very good)

  • Source: biberna / Amazon

    Biberna Mix & Match Mako-Cotton-Satin (blanket cover)

    Overall grade: very good ; Test result ingredients: very good; Test result “Other defects”: very good

free of questionable ingredients
free of other defects
Mix & Match Concept allows individual combinations
Blanket & pillowcase must be purchased separately

The Mix & Match Mako-Cotton-Satin bed linen from Biberna scored “very good” in the test. It contains no formaldehyde, halogenated organic compounds, optical brighteners or other questionable or controversial ingredients. This gave the set “very good” in terms of ingredients.

No other defects in the product were found. The Mix & Match bed linen from Biberna also shows no other defects and thus receives an overall rating of “very good”. The bed linen is available in different colors. The blanket cover costs approximately 40 to 50 Euro, the pillowcase depending on the size around the 10 Euro.

. 2 S.Oliver Renforcé bed linen (top recommendation | very good)

  • Source: S.Oliver / Amazon

    S.Oliver Renforcé bed linen (blankets – and pillowcase)

    Overall grade: very good ; Test result ingredients: very good; Test result “Other defects”: good

almost free of questionable ingredients
no defects with skin contact
traces of formaldehyde
Optical brightener for inner labels

The Renforcé bed linen from S.Oliver was also convincing in the test and also received the overall rating “very good” – despite slight traces of formaldehyde. This is a chemical compound that may be harmful to your health. However, the harmful effect is strongly dependent on the concentration. Since only small quantities were found in the bed linen, it still received the rating “very good” in the category of ingredients. So the set can be recommended without hesitation.

The test found optical brighteners as further defects. However, these only occur with the labels sewn inside, with which the consumer does not come into contact and are therefore also harmless. In the “ingredients” category, the bed linen achieved the rating “very good”, while the test only rated the bed linen as “good” in the event of other defects. The bedding set consisting of blanket and pillowcase costs approximately 50 Euro.

. 3 Ibena Zeitgeist flannel bed linen

  • Source: Ibena / Amazon

    Ibena Zeitgeist flannel bed linen (blanket and pillow case)

    Overall grade: very good ; Test result ingredients: very good; Test result “Other defects”: good

free of questionable ingredients
no defects with skin contact
optical brightener for inner labels

Also among the eight bedclothes rated “very good” by ÖKO-TEST is the Zeitgeist fine flannel bed linen from Ibena. In the clothing test consisting of blankets and pillows, no questionable or controversial ingredients were found in the consumer test, which is why the test result ingredients are “very good”.

How The S.Oliver Renforcé bed linen also had the Zeitgeist bed linen optical brightener on the inside labels, but this is relatively harmless due to the lack of skin contact. This affects the rating of the “other defects”, which means that the bed linen is only rated “good”. The price for the two-piece set is approximately 35 Euro and you can choose between a total of three different size pairs.

Value for money: that's how much you get for your money

ÖKO-TEST tested in total 24 Bedding sets in the cheap to medium price range. The test products moved within a price range between 10 and 75 Euro , However, more expensive does not necessarily mean better – and vice versa. For example, the 70 Euro-expensive bed linen Esprit Cotton Satin Tribal Waves Duvet Cover, blue the test result “poor”. The set Primark Home Duvet Cover Set Bandana Print, navy for example, the only 15 Euro, however, was rated as good. The bedding sets rated “very good” moved in price between 35 and 70 Euro.

Basically you will find a good bedding set for little money. In view of the fact that bed linen is generally used for a much longer period than everyday clothing, the price-performance ratio is very good anyway.

Test result: Every third bed linen is “very good”

19 of 24 to recommend: All in all, the test result is extremely gratifying. The test rated eight sets as “very good” and eleven as “good”. 19 of 24 products you can so purchase without hesitation. However, there are also two tail lights with the result “poor”.

ÖKO-TEST rated the bed linen test a little more strictly. The reason for this is that bed linen is used every night, consumers sleep in it for several hours and have constant skin contact with the textile. The bedding sets were examined in the laboratory for allergic and suspect or cancer-causing disperse and azo dyes. The results were responsible for the resulting ranking. In addition, the packaging was checked for environmentally harmful PVC / PVDC / chlorinated compounds.

Bed linen at ÖKO-TEST: Every third product is “very good”. Image: Pixabay

Result clouded: Some bedding sets are contaminated

Organic label not deserved: It is precisely in a supposed organic product that there is a problematic dye: in the set Galeria Selection Bio Satin, red the laboratory detected the disperse dye Dispers Red 1. This is considered allergic. Particularly annoying for the consumer: the product made from organic cotton is certified with the Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) label. The product should not have received this seal in the first place. Because the content of Dispers Red 1 is above the permissible limit of the GOTS label.

Also the Esprit Cotton Satin Tribal Waves Duvet Cover, blue has lost nothing in your bed. In addition to formaldehyde, the set contains a number of other problematic substances. Here, too, the test showed only “poor”. Manufacturers use formaldehyde in bed linen, among other things, to smooth the surface and refine the product. Formaldehyde taken in through the air we breathe is considered to be carcinogenic.

Nine products contain optical brighteners, which unnecessarily whiten the environment. There are organic halogen compounds (AOX) in ten sets. Many representatives of this large group of substances are considered to be allergic, almost all of them accumulate in the environment. Three of the affected products have the GOTS label. It allows a certain content of AOX. When asked by ÖKO-TEST, the organization announced that AOX was an environmental problem, but there was no health risk for people in textiles.

Kaufhof has the set based on the test results Galeria Selection Bio Satin, red removed from sale. It does not meet the guidelines of the Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) label.

Jersey, satin and Co: The different bedding types for your home

Bedding sets are mostly made of cotton, but there are different types with different names depending on the weave and processing. On the whole, a distinction is made between batiste, beaver, damask, flannel, terry, jersey, renforcé, satin or seersucker.

  • Batiste: Batiste is a fine-thread, light fabric that is woven with a plain weave and is one of the simplest of the basic weave forms.
  • Beaver: Beaver bedding warms well and is very pleasant, especially in winter. The dense cotton fabric is roughened on one or both sides.
  • Damask: Damask is characterized by a very complex weaving technique with patterns. As a rule, high-quality, shiny materials are used for this – in the past mainly silk, nowadays often also cotton.

  • Flannel: Fine thread and lighter than beaver, but still warming and absorbent Flannel. The fabric is also roughened on one or both sides.
  • Terrycloth: Terrycloth is characterized by a combination of small loops, so to speak. This gives the fabric volume and absorbency in particular, which makes it very warm. In addition, the fabric does not wrinkle.
  • Jersey: This is knitted fabric, which means that jersey is very elastic compared to woven fabric. The fabric is also soft and can easily absorb sweat.
  • Renforcé: Renforcé is a medium-fine fabric, which is made with a plain weave, durable and easy to print.
  • Satin: Satin is smooth and shiny on one side. When weaving the fabric, the threads are pushed close together and freed of small fibers during finishing. Mako satin, a higher quality version of cotton satin, is a popular alternative for bed linen.
  • Seersucker: Seersucker is a fabric with smooth and gathered stripes, making a crumpled surface structure and annoying ironing unnecessary.

Advantages and disadvantages of colored bed linen

Whether monochrome, floral patterns, geometric shapes or picture printing: the selection of bed linen is gigantic. So there is something for every taste. Bed linen has long since served not only a functional, but also a decorative purpose. The colorful bed linen in a wide variety of colors and patterns can decorate the home and contribute to a pleasant atmosphere.

By However, dyeing can lead to organic halogen compounds in the textile. Disperse and azo dyes that fall into this category can be both allergic and carcinogenic. With a textile in which the consumption spends several hours at night and is always in contact with the skin, this should of course be treated with caution.

But of course you don't have to do without colored bed linen in white. As the test shows, numerous colorful bedding sets are entirely harmless. So when you buy, be sure to look for a test or seal of approval.

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You should keep this in mind when buying your bed linen

In addition to the test and seal of approval, there are some other points that you should pay attention to when buying your (colorful) bed linen. Since it is used every day and usually for a very long time, it is important that the consumer pays sufficient attention to the desired bed linen when buying it. You should therefore consider the following aspects if you would like to buy new bed linen:

  • Material: As already mentioned, bed linen is available in a wide variety of fabrics, especially cotton. In order to enable as much comfort and pleasant hours of sleep as possible later, the fabric should be taken in hand when buying. In most furnishing and bed houses, for example, there is usually a small sample of the bed linen. This way you can feel whether the material is good for you or not.
  • Size: Of course, the size of the bed linen also plays a role. Not every duvet, pillow and mattress in particular are the same size. When purchasing, you must therefore pay attention to the dimensions of your bedding and the bedding you want is compatible with it. Standard sizes are however 135 x 200 cm at the duvet and 80 x 80 cm for the pillow case. Of course, there are also larger blankets, for example for double beds. These measure approximately 200 x 200 cm.
  • Product scope: Bed sheets are usually available in sets. By default, these are two-part sets consisting of a duvet and pillow case, but sometimes also three-part or four-part sets. When buying, you should therefore consider how many blankets and pillows have found space in your bed and purchase a correspondingly extensive set.
  • Price: The prices for bed linen vary very much. While there are already sets from around 10 euros to buy, luxury bedding can also cost high three-digit amounts. The bedding sets tested by ÖKO-TEST cost between 10 and 70 Euro. This price segment is common for normal consumers and is generally recommended.

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How and how often do you have to wash bed linen?

How often you wash your bed linen depends of course on your own needs and hygiene requirements. In general, it is advisable to wash or change the bed linen every two to three weeks. If you sweat a lot at night or like to sleep naked, you should even change the set weekly. However, this is not necessarily the custom in German bedrooms: many consumers only change their bed linen every four to six weeks.

When washing, you should pay attention to a few points. On the one hand, you should use detergents without optical brighteners and bleach. It is also recommended for colored bed linen to turn them inside out and wash zips to protect them from fading, among other things. Especially if the bed linen has not been changed over a longer period of time or is heavily soiled, it should be 60 degrees can be washed. With regular change of bed linen and rather slight soiling, it would also be sufficient to use the bed linen with 40 degrees wash. Which wash cycle or program you ultimately use also varies, of course, from the material of the bed linen. Therefore, pay close attention to the manufacturer's instructions.

Change bed linen: as often as is really necessary

Spring, summer, autumn & winter: a different bed linen for every season?

Our comfort needs also change over the different seasons. While light, thin textiles tend to be used in summer, thick, warming materials have to be used in winter. Accordingly, it is also recommended to use different bedding sets depending on the season.

Beaver, flannel, terrycloth and jersey bed linen, for example, are mostly very absorbent and warm, making them well suited for winter. Batiste, Renforcé, Satin or Mako-Satin as well as Seersucker, on the other hand, are rather lighter fabrics, which can make them very suitable for summer, for example. For spring and autumn, it is better to make individual decisions based on the appropriate climatic conditions and feelings.

Which bed linen is suitable for allergy sufferers?

Especially for house dust mite allergy sufferers, it should be noted that special covers should be used for the mattress, duvet and pillow. However, these covers are not used as normal bed linen, but serve much more as a mite-tight intermediate cover. The allergy sufferer is protected from contact with mites or their excretions. This way they avoid allergic reactions. However, since these are just interim covers, normal bed linen can still be covered with these special covers.

The bed linen tested by ÖKO-TEST were, as already mentioned, checked for allergenic disperse and azo dyes and also verified for a set. To prevent possible allergies, consumers should inform themselves about the desired bed linen. In general, however, cotton is considered to be very skin-friendly, and white bedding generally does not have any allergenic dyes.

The most important questions about bed linen at a glance

How much does good bed linen cost?

The price range for bed linen is very wide and ranges from around 10 Euros up to high three-digit amounts. Good bed linen can be found between 15 and 75 Euro, so for relatively little Get money.

Where and how can old bedding be disposed of?

Bed linen generally have a long service life. If you want to get rid of the still functional bedding, you can put it in a plastic bag in the used clothing collection or in the appropriate container. However, if the bed linen is no longer usable, it can still be converted into cleaning rags or similar. If it is completely destroyed, dispose of the bed linen in the residual waste.

Which bed linen is suitable for summer or winter?

In summer, bed linen made of light fabrics that absorb sweat well are particularly suitable. For winter, you should prefer bedding sets made from warming materials such as beaver, flannel and terry. Of course, the choice of material depends on the user and their needs.

When should I change the bed linen?

You should change the bed linen every one to two weeks. However, if you sweat a lot or like to sleep naked, a weekly change of clothing is advisable. Such regular changes are not necessarily standard in German bedrooms. Many consumers only change their bed linen every four to six weeks.

How do I best wash the bed linen?

Bedding should usually be 60 Wash degrees, especially if it has not been changed for a long period of time or is heavily soiled. With regular change of bed linen and rather slight soiling, it should also be enough to use the bed linen with 40 degrees wash. Colored bedding should be washed inside out and with the zip closed to protect it from fading, for example. You should also use detergent without optical brighteners and bleach.

What material should my bedding be made of?

Most bedding sets are made from cotton. However, there are also bed linen made from batiste, beaver, damask, flannel, terry cloth, jersey, renforcé, satin or seersucker. Beaver, flannel and terrycloth bed linen, for example, are mostly very absorbent and warm, making them well suited for winter. Ultimately, the choice of bedding fabric depends on the needs and preferences of the consumer.

This entry was created by CHIP authors and is based on the results of the article “ 24 Bedding tested “by ECO TEST. The content is the version from October 2018. You can read the full post purchase online . The CHIP test Center was not involved in the investigation.

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